Is Your Sinus Infection Really A Fungal Infection?

People don’t usually think of the possibility they might have a fungal sinus infection when they’re suffering from a sinus problem. More often than not infections of the sinuses are blamed on bacteria and antibiotics are prescribed, when in fact the antibiotics will not work because the sinuses are infected by fungi not bacteria. And antibiotics will do nothing to help a fungal infection and in fact may make it worse.

It’s thought that the long-term widespread use of antibiotics, especially broad spectrum antibiotics, has led to fungal overgrowth in the nose and sinuses. Of importance also is the use of these antibiotics in plants and livestock and then the subsequent eating of meat.

This may have led to decreased immunity in people who were otherwise healthy. This number has been gradually increasing over the last few years.

There have been many sinus infection studies including a study done at the Mayo Clinic that shows that fungi were found in the sinuses of healthy people who did not have sinus infections as well as about 96% of people who had chronic sinusitis.

These are a few reasons that more attention has been focused on fungi as a cause of sinus infections and other types of sinusitis. Most infections of the sinuses are thought now to be caused by a fungus rather than bacteria. It’s easy to see why when the indoor air in our households and in our work environment is loaded with fungi and many other types of common molds – mold is just another word for fungus.

The symptoms of a fungal sinus infection are the same as those you might encounter with a bacterial infection. The usual yellow discharge or mucus, congestion, runny or blocked nasal passages, lump in throat, slight sore throat and the many other possible symptoms.
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But beware the more serious symptoms and complications, which are listed below. Hopefully you don’t ever progress to the point that you experience those but those symptoms should be considered with chronic sinus infections.

Some serious symptoms of fungal sinus infection or fungal sinus disease as it is sometimes called are nasal congestion and obstruction, blurred vision and other visual disturbances, facial pain, neurological problems, headaches, odors that others don’t smell, bulging of the eyeball or protrusion as it is called, seizures and sensorial disturbances, which can affect consciousness and intellectual function. Make sure to take care of any sinus infection that arises quickly with natural home treatment and not try to use antibiotics for a fungal infection. It just won’t work and will delay the progress.

Selected Infections and Conditions Associated With HIV Infection

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) belongs to the family Retroviridae, subfamily Lentiviridae. Retroviridae organisms share a distinct biologic characteristic: an initial stage of primary infection followed by a relatively asymptomatic period of months to years and a final stage of overt disease. HIV causes many diseases. Here are several of them.

Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) is one of the most common opportunistic infections in patients with AIDS. It typically occurs in patients with CD4 counts less than 200 cells/μL. Other factors associated with a higher risk of PCP include CD4 percentage lessthan 15%, oral thrush, recurrent bacterial pneumonia, high HIV-1 RNA level, unintentional weight loss, and previous episodes of PCP.

The onset of illness is insidious, with several days to weeks of fever,exertional dyspnea, chest discomfort, weight loss, malaise, and night sweats. Chest radiography typically shows bilateral interstitial pulmonary infiltrates, but a lobar distribution and spontaneous pneumothoraces may occur. Patients with early disease might have a normal chest radiograph. Pleural effusion is uncommon.

The resurgence of tuberculosis in the United States is not entirely explained by the HIV epidemic. Factors such as socioeconomic conditions, immigration, breakdown of the public health infrastructure, and lack of interest of the medical and scientific community in tuberculosis all play a role. In addition to the impact of HIV on the incidence of tuberculosis, there are other important interactions between HIV infection and Mycobacterium tuberculosis: tuberculosis may accelerate the course of HIV infection; unlike many of the opportunistic infections in patients with HIV infection, tuberculosis can be cured if diagnosed promptly and treated appropriately; and tuberculosis can be prevented. Tuberculosis occurs among HIV-infected persons at all CD4 counts. However, its clinical manifestation may differ depending on the degree of immunosuppression. When tuberculosis occurs later in the course of HIV infection, it tends to have atypical features, such as extrapulmonary disease, disseminated disease, and unusual chest radiographic appearance (lower lung zone lesions, intrathoracic adenopathy, diffuse infiltrations, and lower frequency of cavitation). To prevent Tuberculosis need to heal the symptoms of HIV. For this there are special medications, such as atripla. They inhibit razmnozhnie cell disease.

Mycobacterium avium Complex Infection
Organisms of the Mycobacterium avium complex are ubiquitous in the environment and include M. avium and M. intracellulare. They cause disseminated infection in HIV-infected persons, especially when immunosuppression is severe (CD4 count <50 cells/μL). Disseminated M. avium complex infection is the most common systemic bacterial infection in patients with HIV infection. Common presentations include low-grade fever, night sweats, weight loss, fatigue, abdominal pain, and diarrhea. Hepatomegaly, splenomegaly, and lymphadenopathy may be present. Common laboratory abnormalities include anemia and increased alkaline phosphatase levels. Blood cultures are usually positive; however, organisms can also be isolated from stool, respiratory tract secretions, bone marrow, liver, and other biopsy specimens. Syphilis Sexually transmitted diseases, including syphilis, that cause genital ulceration may be cofactors for acquiring HIV infection. In general, the clinical manifestations of syphilis are similar to those among non-HIV-infected persons. However, atypical presentations may occur.

  • For example, in primary syphilis, multiple or atypical chancres can occur and primary lesions might be absent or missed.
  • The manifestations of secondary syphilis are protean and might persist from a few days to several weeks before resolving or evolving to latent or later stages.

The most common manifestations are macular, maculopapular, or pustular skin lesions characteristically involving the palms and soles and accompanied by generalized lymphadenopathy and constitutional symptoms of fever, malaise, anorexia, arthralgias, and headache.

  • Manifestations of tertiary or late syphilis include neurosyphilis, cardiovascular syphilis, and gummatous syphilis. Neurosyphilis has been reported to occur earlier and more frequently and to progress more rapidly in patients with AIDS than in HIV-negative patients. Concomitant uveitis and meningitis also may be more common among HIV-1-infected patients with syphilis. There are reports of false-negative and falsepositive serologic tests for syphilis in patients with HIV. However, serologic response to infection in general seems to be the same in HIV-positive and HIV-negative persons and there are no specific clinical manifestations of syphilis that are unique to HIV. Management of HIV-1-infected patients with syphilis is similar to the management of non-HIV-infected persons.

What You Should Know About Influenza Virus

Influenza, commonly known as flu, is a contagious viral infection of the respiratory tract. Influenza A, B, and C are the three types of viruses that cause this epidemic. Type-A influenza is considered to be the most dangerous as it can cause widespread outbreaks of flu. The virus infects the lungs and the upper respiratory system, causing fever, body aches, and pain. The onset of flu also causes loss in appetite, nausea, and dry cough. These symptoms may last for a week, and you may need to stay in bed until they are gone.

Influenza is a very common illness that affects many people every year, usually during winter. As an infected person coughs or sneezes, the flu virus gets transmitted through small droplets of saliva. When a healthy person gets infected by the flu virus, he or she starts to show symptoms within 1-4 days. Flu can also spread through touching common surfaces such as door handles and other items that have been handled by an infected person.

Influenza virus

Type-A influenza virus mostly affects animals and birds. It can also cause damage to human population. Type B and C influenza viruses are not dangerous and show only mild symptoms in human beings. Influenza type-A and -B viruses include strains that are different from the original virus, but retain some of its characteristics. Flu caused by one strain does not give full immunity to the other strains, as the virus keeps changing constantly through a process called antigenic drift. This is the reason a different vaccine is needed every year to help prevent flu.
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Influenza symptoms

Apart from fever, body aches, and pain, the other symptoms of flu are headaches, tiredness, sore throat, runny nose, weakness, and diarrhea. Although flu lasts for a week or less, the immediate symptoms may disappear in 3 days. But symptoms such as cough or severe weakness may persist for a few more days. Infected people can transmit the flu virus even a day before the symptoms start, and they remain infectious for 5-6 days. People with weak immune systems, especially those who are old or very young, may carry the infection for a slightly longer period of time. Current subtypes of influenza type-A viruses are H1N1 and H3N2. Swine flu is an infection caused by H1N1 virus. In 2009, swine flu was first detected in pigs. Recently, a H1N1 vaccine has been developed to ensure against the swine flu infection.

Tamiflu – Influenza Treatment

It is important to treat flu, as it can lead to pneumonia or other complications especially in old people, infants and people with long-term health issues. Tamiflu is one of the most effective medications for treating influenza. It slows down the spread of the flu virus. Oseltamivir, the active ingredient in Tamiflu, works by detaching the flu virus from its host cell. It attacks the virus at its roots and prevents it from multiplying in the body. It also helps the natural antibodies fight off the virus.

One of the most important things about oseltamivir is that it doesn’t have any serious drug reactions with other medications. Under medical supervision, Tamiflu can be taken along with one or more medications that treat other health conditions. It should be taken within 48 hours after the symptoms appear. You should take the medicine as per your doctor’s recommendation. If you miss a dose, you should not take the missed dose. Taking Tamiflu exactly as directed can be an effective influenza treatment.

Asbestos Infection Symptoms

The types of asbestos infection symptoms a person experiences usually depends on the developed asbestos-related diseases was. There are different types of conditions related to asbestos, asbestosis, the two are most often associated with asbestos and malignant mesothelioma. However chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has reached the epidemic proportion in the United States and it is a condition that the asbestos exposure has helped thousands of cases.

Symptoms typically include asbestosis following conditions:

• Breathing difficulties
• Chronic cough
• Chest pain
• Breathing difficulties
• Difficulty with exercise

Malignant mesothelioma usually develops in people over 65 years and is usually in the thoracic cavity, resulting in the pleura in 65 to 70 percent of cases. It can also affect the lining of the heart, pericardium, in exceptional cases.

The most common symptoms of a disease called mesothelioma include:

• Breathing difficulties
• Chest pain
• tightness in the chest
• A persistent cough
• Weight Loss
• Fatigue

The pleural effusion is also the joint development with mesothelioma. This condition is caused by excessive accumulation of fluid in the space between the lung and chest wall or diaphragm. You can be the cause of chest pain and reduced respiratory capacity.

Peritoneal mesothelioma is characterized by an abdominal swelling and pain. This symptoms can also result from the accumulation of fluid – in this case in the abdominal cavity. Thickened peritoneal tissue to an additional symptoms:

• Swelling
• Weight Loss
• Nausea
• Bowel obstruction
• Anemia
• Fever and / or night sweats

Yeast Infections Vinegar Treatment

Did you know that the vinegar that you use for your cooking purpose has great medicinal value? Apart from giving you the best taste, it also takes care of most microorganisms. Scientifically, vinegar is nothing but a mild form of acetic acid. With its acidic properties, this home based product can give total protection from infections such as yeast infections. The yeast infection vinegar treatment is mentioned in various ancient medical manuscripts. In remote places, where you may not have access to a doctor, the yeast infection vinegar treatment will take care of the yeast infection.

If you don’t know how to cure a yeast infection by using the yeast infection vinegar treatment, you may want to read some good books on the yeast infection cures. Some books may recommend that you directly apply the apple cider vinegar directly to the infected area and let the apple cider vinegar do the rest of the killing stuff. Using the apple cider vinegar for the yeast infection treatment is also a very affordable and cheap way of getting rid of the yeast infections as compared with the yeast infection medications.

Some women also use the yeast infection vinegar douches for better relief from the vaginal yeast infections. Most vaginal yeast infections are very difficult to treat because of two main reasons. The first reason is because of the location of the vagina and the second is because of the sensitive tissue of the genital area. When the yeast infections multiply in the vaginal area, the lady has lots of irritation and itching. The itch may start of as a very small itch and then if left untreated, it may gain greater proportions.

Most doctors may not recommend the yeast infection vinegar douche when there is a yeast infection in the vagina. Instead, they may give you a cream or ointment that can be applied on and near the vagina. The vagina is a very sensitive area and when you get a yeast infection in that area, you will feel very frustrated and you will also feel very embarrassed. Many women may not even visit the doctor because of the embarrassment. When you get the vaginal yeast infection, you must not feel shy to talk to the doctor.

Getting the diagnosis early will surely help you and the earlier you treat the vaginal yeast infection, the faster it will disappear. You may even ask the doctor the question “How to cure a yeast infection?” Be prepared to get the following answers:

  • Take the medicines on time and you will be able to cure the yeast infections
  • Consume the medications and don’t bother how the medicines worked.
  • Why do you want to cure the yeast infection on your own when I am there?

If you are very shy to show the vagina to the male doctor, you can show it to a female doctor and get the diagnosis done at the earliest. If you want a list of all the lady doctors on your area, you an look it um on the Internet, local yellow pages, or ask your friends who have been treated earlier. When treating the patients, the doctors too have to take a lot of precautions when they are treating the yeast infections. Being contagious, the doctors may even wear gloves to protect them from the infection.

With so many cures for the yeast infection, you will get totally confused and you will not know where to begin with. Some advisers on the internet may propagate their product’s goodness by telling you that their medications don’t have any side effects. However, in reality, you will definitely find that there is some side effects of the other. Before you start with the method of getting rid of the yeast infections, think about the natural cure for yeast infection and implement it as soon as you get the yeast infections.

On the Internet, you will definitely get the good ways of implementing the natural cure for yeast infection. If the yeast infection is not going off for more than a week, you may have to see the doctor immediately. The more you wait; the more you will suffer. The itching will become unbearable after certain point of time.

Symptoms and Course of Dysentery

Dysentery is a contagious disease caused by bacteria of Shigella group. The source of infection is diseased person and bacteria carrier. Infection occurs via infected food, water, objects. Dysenteric microbes are settled in large bowel causing its inflammation, superficial erosion and sores.

Symptoms and course
Incubation period lasts from 1 to 7 days (often 2 -3 days). The disease starts acutely with temperature increase, chills, fever, weakness, loss of appetite. Then do appear pains in abdomen – at the beginning they are dull and are spread throughout the abdomen, further they become more acute.

Pains may occur in lower part of the abdomen, often on the left side, rarely on the right side of the body. Pains usually do increase before infection. Do appear drawing pains in rectum area during dejection and in 5 – 15 after it. During abdomen palpation are noticed spasms and soreness of the colon, mostly frank in sigmoid colon area which is palpated in the form of thick binder.

Bowel movement occurs more often, dejections initially have fecal character, then they have mixture of mucus and blood., then is effused a little amount of mucus with threads of blood. Duration of the disease is from 1 to 9 days.

For the recognition is used data of epidemiological anamnesis. clinical manifestations such as common intoxication, frequent dejection with mucus or blood, cramp-like pains in abdomen in left side. Important role plays rectosigmoidoscopy which helps to detect signs of mucus inflammation in distal areas of rectum. Release of dysenteric microbes during bacteriological examination of excrement proves the diagnosis.

Dysenteric patients may be treated in a contagious hospital and at home as well. It is necessary to take antibiotics such as tetracycline ((0,2-0,3g four times daily), laevomycetin (0,5g four times daily during 6 days).

However, microbes resistance to antibiotics was increased greatly and their effectiveness has reduced. Also are used furasolidone, nitrofurantoin 0.1g four times a day during 5 – 7 days. Vitamins are recommended. In severe cases is made detoxification therapy.

Preventive Measures
– early detection and treatment
– water-supply source control
– fight with flies
– personal hygiene

Flu Shot Safety

We are getting healthy here at Healthagen. This week we all rolled up our sleeves and got our flu shots. Prior to the scheduled event we had lots of questions, myths and concerns floating around the office so we thought we would re-visit the idea of vaccine safety.

Vaccines are a great public health success story. The administration of vaccines has eradicated smallpox, nearly ended polio and greatly reduced the outbreaks of measles, pertussis and other illnesses.

The Center for Disease Control (CDC) states “influenza vaccination is the primary method for preventing influenza and its severe complications.” The year 1580 brought the first known influenza pandemic. Other flu pandemics include: 1889-90 Russian Flu, 1918 Spanish Flu, 1957-58 Asian Flu and 1968-69 Hong Kong Flu. Earliest recorded flu pandemics spread unabated. Over the years physicians and scientists have tried everything from bleeding patients to administering basic palliative care. Finally advances in microbiology allowed the discovery of viral growth in fertilized hens’ eggs in the 1930’s. The US Military approved the first vaccine for influenza to be used during WWII. This is why people with severe (life threatening) allergies to chicken eggs should not be vaccinated.

In the United States all vaccines must be approved and licensed by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA). All new vaccines are first put through computer models to predict their effectiveness then they are subject to animal and human clinical trials. When the FDA is satisfied with both the clinical trial results and the proposed labeling for the vaccine they will issue a license. This process for new vaccines can take up to 10 years.

Fortunately, the seasonal influenza vaccine is different because they do not start from scratch each year. Each year the flu vaccine is reformulated. The World Health Organization (WHO) collects strains from around the world of possible virulent strains that will cause human suffering. From these stains they coordinate the contents of the vaccine for the upcoming year. This is how the seasonal flu vaccine is formulated and manufactured annually. Occasionally the strains mutate at a faster rate than expected and the vaccine “misses” its effectiveness target.

Vaccines are held to the highest standard of safety. The United States has the safest, most effective vaccine supply in history. Rare side effects and/or delayed reactions may not happen until the vaccine is given to millions of people. As with all vaccination programs the Vaccine Adverse Reporting System (VAERS) will take all reports of health problems that occur after a vaccination.

If you are suffering from a reaction to a vaccine call your doctor immediately. If the reaction is severe get the person to medical treatment immediately. Ask your doctor or nurse to file a VAERS form documenting your reaction and the circumstances around your vaccination. According to the CDC 30,000 VAERS reports are filed yearly with 10-15% being classified as serious. The FDA and CDC use VAERS data to monitor vaccine safety and conduct research studies.

How To Deal With Genital Herpes Infection

Various infections and diseases that are classified under the contagious taxonomy are becoming more common at present. Genital herpes infection is one of them. It is a type of skin disorder caused by a certain type of virus referred to as herpes simplex virus. A person can be infected by the herpes virus by means of sexual intercourse, from which his or her sexual partner is the carrier. Approximately one in four American adults can be infected with herpes in different forms – oral or genital. While this is a common issue to many adults, many of them are not conscious of its occurrence. However, the appearance of common symptoms like blisters or cold sores is an apparent indication that the person is possibly infected with the genital herpes.

General Overview

There are two main classifications of herpes namely, the type 1 and the type 2 herpes.

  • type 1 is also known as HSV-1
  • type 2 as HSV-2 accordingly.

Based on relevant studies, the latter type or HSV-2 appears to be more extensive than the type 1. The majority of cases are manifested by the male to female transmission. This implies the fact that this genital infection is commonly occurring in women than men and that women are at higher risk of accumulating genital herpes.

Sufferers usually would experience blister symptoms or outbreaks appearing in the genitalia or beneath the tongue. The blisters may vary in sizes. The appearing symptoms may also differ from person to person. Typically, the lymph nodes appearing in the groin area of the male sufferers and the infected females will experience some unusual discharge from the urethra. Some people will experience outbreaks, painful urination and flu-like symptoms like fever, which is associated with headache.

Treatment Options

The presence of genital herpes in a person can be frustrating and embarrassing. In order to help sufferers overcome the feeling of discomforts, different treatment options are now offered. Some of them can be acquired from over-the-counters and some are doctor-prescribed. Contemporary forms of medication designed to deal with genital herpes infection are also made accessible in both the real and virtual markets. Many of these treatments are made up of natural ingredients to ensure safety and efficiency of usage. But regardless of the composition and component variations, these alternative remedies are specifically designed to suppress the pain brought by the occurring symptoms of genital herpes.

Preventive Measures

Genital herpes can be very harmful, especially to those who are pregnant and breastfeeding mothers. It is because of the huge possibility that the child can also become infected. Thus, a doctor’s advice is always necessary in this case. Considering the fact that genital herpes is a highly contagious infection and is sexually transmitted, practicing safe sex is always necessary. This can help prevent the spread of the herpes virus. Those who are infected and are already aware of it are also required to inform their partners.

Candida Yeast Infection Cure

Many people suffering with the life-altering effects of a yeast infection have their hopes for a cure built up over and over again, only to be more deeply disappointed with each new possibility.

If you are plagued by this stubborn unrelenting infection, you are certainly not alone. You may have tried one, or several, of the natural and prescription treatments on the market.

While prescription drugs have saved lives, they don’t come without their side effects. However, some people aren’t aware that even natural treatments can cause damage if used improperly, or combined with incompatible substances.

What’s worse is that neither prescription drugs nor natural remedies will cure the problem unless all of the appropriate steps are taken correctly. They will temporarily relieve the symptoms. But, until you effectively conquer the root cause, those symptoms, and usually more, will return.

Then, there are diets, which are intended to starve the yeast without starving the host – you. Though well-meaning diet planners have researched these insidious culprits and how best to annihilate them, the different diet plans can leave you more confused than when you started, each one contradicting the next.

Can you tolerate fruit or not? Are whole grains OK, or must you avoid all medium to high carbohydrate foods? Is soy good or bad? The answers depend on which expert you listen to. And on and on it goes.

The truth is that while diet is an important factor in treating a yeast infection, it alone will not solve the problem. You must attack it on all levels to abolish these microscopic invaders.

There is nothing wrong with your body itself. Rather, the Candida yeast infection is a sign that there is a problem within your body. The distinction being, Candida albicans has grown out of control, within your body. It is of serious danger to your health, and can be the cause of chronic symptoms more numerous and severe than one might think possible.

It affects the reproductive, urinary, and digestive systems. Skin rashes, mood swings, chronic fatigue, arthritis, muscle and joint pain, headaches, bloating, food allergies, memory problems, jumpy legs, and a host of other symptoms that can make life unbearable, can all be attributable to a systematic yeast infection.

Each person’s body reacts differently. Your symptoms, and how they are expressed, will be unique to you. The one thing that is true for everyone suffering the effects of a yeast infection is that it must be treated completely.

The good news is that a permanent cure is now available. You can regain your life. You can be happy and healthy again, leaving the candida infection and its vicious symptoms as nothing but an unpleasant memory.
Not only is this proven, natural and holistic, step-by-step system, the most comprehensive and effective cure for yeast infections.

As well as curing your infection permanently, you will be free of any future Candida yeast infections and its related symptoms forever.

Bird Flu

The bird flu virus has now been considered a less lethal virus but a more dangerous one. You might say that I’m confusing you because these two words are somewhat alike.

In the world of virus, these two words are completely different especially in how they affect their victims.

A virus is lethal once it can kill the infected person immediately. However, when it is able to kill the infected person immediately, it can not spread it’s offspring to other people. It then becomes a very dormant virus, affecting only a few people.

A deadly virus on the other hand is one that can spread quickly and greatly affecting a number of the species affected. That is the case with the H5N1 bird flu virus. Its deadliness has been seen in the way it has affected the flocks of birds.

A flock of bird that has shown symptoms of the bird flu virus immediately dies within a day. That is what makes a virus deadly. A virus is considered deadly depending on the rate it can transfer itself to another medium. Then how many infected mediums it has affected is what makes viruses deadly.

The Spanish Flu is what many health officials are trying to avoid. It has been considered the deadliest flu of all time. The Spanish Flu virus may have only killed about 20 percent of its victim. But what made it extremely dangerous is the rate it had spread.

What Health officials and government officials are trying to do currently is help prevent a deadly pandemic. The Bird Flu could be the next deadliest thing that is staring us right in the eye. That’s why even though the threat is not yet one that has affected humans in such a big way, we should just be ready.

We should actually be thankful that the virus still hasn’t been into a pandemic. This is because the world is not yet ready for the bird flu virus hitting big time. There have been a few medical companies that are preparing to create vaccines.

However, these vaccines are still about two to three years away before getting ready to be distributed in mass numbers. The maximum production level of one company is to be able produce only 250 million vaccines that are about 5 million a day only. That number may seem big, but in reality it’s just enough to supply 11 percent of the whole United States population.

The best thing we can do so far to prevent getting into a deadly scuffle with the H5N1 strain is to be very careful. Take every measure there is out there that can help us avoid the possible future of the H5N1 strain becoming deadlier.